Our job as your professional home inspector is
to alert you, to the extent possible, to unknown problems and potential environmental hazards in your current or potential
house. Ours is a non-invasive visual inspection of your property. While we may be able to alert you to possible problems,
our basic inspections are no substitutes for specialized contaminant testing.
is a mineral fiber that can be positively identified only with a special type of microscope. There are several types of asbestos
fibers. In the past, asbestos was added to many products to strengthen them and provide fire resistance and heat insulation.
If disturbed, asbestos material may release asbestos fibers that can be inhaled into the lungs. Asbestos material that crumbles
easily if handled or which has been scraped, sawed, or sanded into a powder is more likely to create a health hazard. Breathing
high levels of asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of lung cancer, mesothelioma (cancer of lining of chest and abdominal
cavity), and asbestosis (lungs scarred with the tissue). Houses built between 1930 and 1950 may have asbestos insulation.
Most of today’s products do not contain asbestos. If asbestos material is more than slightly damaged or you plan changes
that might disturb it, you require a professional for repair and removal. Before home remodeling, find out if asbestos is
Excerpts from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency “Asbestos and Vermiculite”.
Lead is a highly toxic metal used for many years in products in and around homes. Lead’s
adverse health effects range from behavioral problems and learning disabilities to seizures and death. Because their bodies
are growing quickly, children age 6 and under are at greatest risk. Primary sources of lead exposure for children are deteriorating
lead-based paint, lead-contaminated dust, and lead-contaminated residential soil. Lead might be present in any home built
up until the 1940s. Rarely found in source water, lead can enter tap water through corrosion of plumbing materials. Homes
built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes, joints, and solder. New homes are also at risk: even legally “lead-free”
pipes can contain up to 8 percent lead and leave significant amounts of lead in the water for the first several months after
installation. Since the 1980s, EPA and its federal partners have banned or limited lead used in consumer products, including
residential paint. Federal regulations limiting the amount of lead in paint sold for residential use started in 1978. If your
property was built before 1978 or you are considering remodeling, renovating, or repair, you may wish to think about lead
inspection. Water quality can be compromised by such other trace elements as iron, excess acidity, manganese, calcium, magnesium,
mineral salts, hydrogen sulfide, selenium, chromium, arsenic, mercury, and cadmium.
Excerpts from U.S. Department
of Environmental Protection, “Lead in Paint, Dust, and Soil”.
(fungi) is present everywhere, indoors and outdoors. There are more than 100,000 species of mold, at least 1,000 of which
are common in America. Species of Cladosporium, Penicillium, and Aspergillus are some of the most commonly found species.
Mold most likely grows in bathrooms, basements, and anywhere else where there is dampness or water. Many types of mold routinely
encountered aren’t hazardous to healthy individuals. Too much exposure to mold may cause a worsening of such conditions
as asthma, hay fever, or other allergies. Fevers and breathing problems in a vulnerable individual are possible but unusual.
When moldy material becomes damaged or disturbed, spores, which are reproductive bodies similar to seeds, can be released
into the air. Exposure can occur if people inhale the spores, directly handle moldy material, or accidentally ingest the spores.
Since all molds need water to grow, mold can grow almost anywhere where there is high humidity, dampness, or water damage.
Most often molds are confined to areas near the water source. Removing the source of moisture through repairs or dehumidification
is crucial in preventing mold growth. Correcting underlying water damage and cleaning the affected area is the best way to
treat mold. If mold contamination is extensive, a professional abatement company may be needed.
Excerpts from The
New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene, Environmental & Occupational Disease Epidemiology, “Facts
Radon is a radioactive gaseous element produced in the disintegration
of radium, a radioactive metallic element. It cannot be detected by the senses and can be confirmed only by sophisticated
instruments and laboratory tests. The gas enters a house through pores and cracks in the concrete or through floorboards of
poorly ventilated crawlspaces, especially when wet ground allows the gas to escape easily through the soil and disperse in
the atmosphere. Radon is a lung carcinogen: the National Academy of Sciences estimates radon causes some 15,000 to 22,000
lung cancer deaths annually. The U.S. Surgeon General and the EPA recommend all houses be tested for radon. Houses with high
radon levels can be fixed.
Excerpts from U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, “Indoor Radon”.
Termites, which play a positive role in recycling wood and plant
material, become a problem when they consume structural lumber. Every year thousands of U.S. housing units require termite
treatment. These pests cause serious damage to wooden structures and posts and can also attack stored food, household furniture,
and books. Successful termite management requires special skills, including a working knowledge of building construction and
an understanding of termite biology and identification. In most cases, it is advisable to hire a professional pest control
company for the inspection and control problem.
Wood-boring beetle larvae feed on wood and wood
products. Adults of some species bore holes into plaster, plastic, and soft metals. Many species cause problems when emerging
from wood in newly constructed buildings because they leave small circular or oval exit holes in the wood. To avoid these
problems, infested wood must be kiln-fried before being used for lumber. The species Deathwatch Beetles is primarily found
in soft woods (girder, beams, foundation timbers, some types of furniture, with some species attacking books). False Powderpost
female beetles bore a tunnel, or egg gallery, into wood or other materials, then deposit eggs in pores or cracks within the
tunnel. Adults of some species bore through such soft metal as lead and silver, as well as plaster and other non-wood materials.
Affected structural wood should be removed and replaced whenever possible.
Wood Wasps and Horntails.
Wood wasp damage in buildings is likely to be more cosmetic than structurally weakening. Emerging wood wasps can chew through
any substance: wallboard or plaster walls, hardwood floors, carpeting, linoleum, non-ceramic floor tiles, and other interior
Carpenter Ants. Several species can damage wood in building and other structures. Though
ants don’t eat wood, they bore into it to make their nests, sometimes causing serious structural damage. Also, they
nest in hollow doors, cracks and crevices, furniture, wall voids, and termite galleries. New building infestation occurs when
land cleaning in the area disturbs existing native colonies.
Excerpts from University of California Agriculture
& Natural Resources, UCIPMOnline, “Statewide Pest Management Program”.
A typical homeowner's insurance policy does not cover destruction caused by termites, even though they
cause over 1 billion dollars in damage to homes throughout the United States each year. It’s important that homeowners
understand the threat of termites, and take the necessary steps to protect their homes.
are extremely destructive. First they build tunnels to wooden structures, and then they burrow into those structures to obtain
food. Any wood or cellulose-containing material constitutes termite food, and given time to do so, they’ll eat until
nothing is left but a shell. Termites avoid light and air, so they build their colonies where you’re not likely to stumble
On the off chance you do see them, remember that it’s easy to confuse termites with ants. Fortunately,
there are features that distinguish them.
- narrow waists
- bent antennae
- two sets of wings (one wing is longer than
- thick waists
- straight antennae
sets of wings (same size)